Oil Painting: Basics
16 STEPS
Assorted paint brushes (fine and angled)
Oil Paint
Any Size Canvas Or Heavy Paper
Paint Palette
Assorted paint brushes (fine and angled)
Oil Paint
Any Size Canvas Or Heavy Paper
Paint Palette
Solvent
Rag
Glass Jar with Lid
Paint Medium
H drawing pencil
Disposable gloves
Palette knife
Coat your painting surface with a ground. Here, I am using gesso on heavy paper with taped edges.
1
Pick a subject to paint. Still life is a great subject for beginners.
2
Lightly sketch your subject onto your surface. This is called an under-drawing.
3
Begin blocking light/shadow with a wash (paint thinned with solvent) This is called under-painting.
4
Oil painting is all about layering paint. Use the fat over lean rule.
5
Start with a limited palette. Mix small amounts of Medium and paint to create tints and shades.
6
Change the value( lightness/darkness)of pure colors by making tints, tones and shades.
7
Apply the 1st layers of color. Use pure color, tints & shades to fill shadows, midtones & highlights
8
Fill in areas of negative space to create contrast with the focal point.
9
Use more tints and shades to define the edges of your subject.
10
Add layers of color mixed with medium. Cool colors (blues/greens) will recede into the background.
11
Layer neutral colors (browns, grays) to balance the warm and cool colors.
12
Use a smaller brush to paint fine details.
13
Use thicker paint with more medium to create surface textures within the details.
14
When you are satisfied with your painting, sign it and prepare for display!
15
Practice often to improve your oil painting skills!
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